Both regular universities as universities of applied sciences are administered by Executive Boards. However, they do not function alone. Students and staff are also involved in matters regarding (proposed) policy, finances and (the quality of) education: student & employee representation (Dutch: medezeggenschap). Within Dutch Higher Education, it is required to facilitate student & employee representation. The Higher Education and Research Act (Dutch acronym: WHW) is the basis for student & employee representation rights, but these rights can be expanded upon in regulations. Both regular universities and universities of applied sciences have many different levels of administration that can be distinguished from each other. To each of these levels belongs a participation (- and representative) body also known as student & employee representation.